Making Money With E-Commerce Web Hosting

The internet, in many ways, is about two things. Freedom of information spread across the planet, and making money. Usually the first item moves into the second item if it becomes popular enough. A good example of this is Twitter possibly charging for its service, despite being free for most of its history. The second item, making money, is what has made the internet so popular for business. Millions of people and thousands of companies operate an online presence for the purpose of making money and having a global clientele.

Commercially made money on the internet is called e-commerce. This essentially means electronic commerce, and whenever money changes hands, a product is bought, or a service is paid for, it is e-commerce. For many small businesses, there is a great deal of opportunity available in the world of e-commerce, and all it takes is e-commerce web hosting to make it happen.

E-commerce web hosting is a web hosting service that allows a company to be able to do business online. Through services offered by e-commerce hosting companies, a small business is able to accept credit card payments, payments through Pay Pal and payments directly out of a bank account. This is important because it allows a company to literally have a client base across the planet. Even if the company is based out of Iowa, they can be selling products to customers in Russia or Australia. All they have to do is ship the products when payment is received.

E-commerce has opened up the area of business and websites that have e-commerce capabilities through their hosting company can take advantage of this. Millions of people and thousands of businesses are putting though billions of dollars of currency each day with e-commerce web hosting. In 2006 alone, e-commerce product sales amounted to a staggering $146.6 billion in the United States. That is about six percent of the total retail sales in the country.

To succeed with an online presence for your business, you need e-commerce. Having an e-commerce web host will give you the ability to do business over a wide geographical area. With a web hosting company that gives you the right tools for e-commerce, the sky is the limit for your business. Don’t allow your company to suffer because you don’t have the e-commerce tools you need from your web hosting company.

Law & Technology

The legal battle over the case may be over, but it seems that there is no end to the hanky-panky when it comes to online domain names.

In Kremen v. Cohen, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently rejected the latest appeal by pornography king Stephen Michael Cohen of a $65 million award to’s original registrant, Gary Kremen. Kremen alleged that Cohen misappropriated that domain name.

Kremen has settled his conversion claim — alleging that the domain name was improperly transferred to Cohen — with the one immediately available deep pocket, Network Solutions Inc.

Herndon, Va.-based NSI was the registrar of the domain. It allegedly allowed the domain name to be transferred to Cohen without Kremen’s consent. The confidential settlement reportedly was for somewhere around $15 million.

In the course of this decade long legal adventure, Kremen helped blazed new trails in the field of registrar liability and domain name law.

The case began in 1994, before the explosion of the Internet as a medium for selling goods, services and pornography. When Kremen first registered, only one company, NSI, was registering names, and it was giving them away for free.

Kremen and the courts have been forced to grapple with the thorny question of whether a domain name is capable of being converted — a legal theory normally requiring that some tangible property be misappropriated to another person without consent. The legal confusion was compounded by the fact that there was no enforceable contract between Kremen and NSI since Kremen had paid no consideration for the domain.

But the method by which control of the domain was wrested away from Kremen was quite old-fashioned. It was accomplished by simple forgery and fraud.

Cohen sent a letter to NSI purporting to have come from Kremen’s company, disclaiming any interest in — which Kremen had let sit idle — and asking Cohen to so inform NSI. The letter purportedly was signed by Kremen’s then-housemate, though the court subsequently noted her signature was misspelled.

NSI did nothing to verify the authenticity of the letter and, accepting the letter at face value, transferred the registration of to Cohen. He then built a multimillion-dollar porn empire around the domain, much to the chagrin of Kremen, who by then recognized the tremendous value of a generic, second-level domain name such as “sex” in the dot-com world.

Millions of dollars and several court battles later, Kremen succeeded in procuring the return of the domain registration. To boot, he obtained a $40 million compensatory and a $25 million punitive damages award from the U.S. District Court in San Francisco against Cohen, who apparently took all his assets and fled the United States to an undisclosed location where even bounty hunters hired by Kremen cannot find him.

Important issues remain

Whether Kremen ever collects this judgment, and whether the case is finally over, important legal issues remain.

In 2003, in Kremen v. Cohen, the 9th Circuit reversed the trial court and held that an Internet domain name is property subject to being improperly taken or converted by another. The ruling allowed tort claims to be brought when a domain name is wrongfully transferred even though no enforceable contract exists or when contract remedies may be too limited. Still, the issue remains open.

The 9th Circuit based its ruling on its self-described “grudging reading” of California law as to whether a domain name fell within an exception allowing intangible property not merged into some document — like a stock certificate — to be the subject of a conversion claim. The question of whether something is property subject to conversion is not a federal legal question, but one of state law.

The federal appellate court in this case had offered the opportunity to clarify California law, by means of certified question, to the California Supreme Court. But that high court demurred. When forced to make the determination of California law itself, the 9th Circuit interpreted California case law from the late 1800s to permit such a claim despite the argument that the domain name was no more than a routing protocol and thus not tangible property.

The 9th Circuit held that the domain name system was in fact a document or collection of documents stored in electronic form. The court found that the domain name is similar to a stock certificate, which is associated with the intangible property, and that the intangible value of a domain name is associated with the domain name system records. Such records associate word-based domain names with particular computers networked on the Internet.

But the 9th Circuit went further. It noted that if it were necessary for it to do so, it would hold all property, tangible or intangible, as being capable of conversion — and would reject the approach set forth in “Restatement (Second) of the Law of Torts” permitting conversion only where there is a merger of intangible property in some document.

However, because this decision is based on a federal court’s interpretation of one state’s law, it does not set strong precedent for other courts applying the property laws of different states. In fact, other federal decisions, most notably from the Eastern District of Virginia where NSI was based, hold to the contrary. It remains to be seen where the other circuits or states will come down on this debate.

Dilemma remains

The Kremen victory and the eventual settlement by NSI have not deterred continued shenanigans or carelessness with domain names, as was recently experienced by one of New York’s oldest commercial Internet service providers,

In mid-January of this year, ownership of the domain name was moved to Australia, the company’s domain name server records were moved to the United Kingdom, and the company’s e-mail was redirected to a company in Canada, all without’s knowledge or consent.

The fiasco resulted in’s customers, many of whom are in New York City, Long Island and New Jersey, being deprived of Internet and e-mail access for a few days, and in the potential compromise of customers’ private e-mail and passwords.

Two well-known domain registrars were involved in the incident, but proper verification of the transfer request was not obtained. The receiving registrar in Australia, responsible for obtaining the validation, had delegated the responsibility to its reseller, which failed to obtain the validation.

In its investigation of the incident, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN, a private, nonprofit corporation that currently governs the domain name system), expressed concern that the recipient registrar had delegated the verification to a third-party reseller. But a proposed rule that would have required the recipient registrar to have sole responsibility for verification of the transfer request was rejected when ICANN recently adopted new procedures to regulate transfers of domain names from one registrar to another. was able to regain its domain name rather quickly. It took a determined Kremen a number of years and a lot of legal fees to do so. Others may not fare as well. Owners of domain names must exercise vigilance and diligence. The courts will have to continue to address the inevitable claims and disputes.

We will see where other courts wind up in determining whether a domain name is property and how they will deal with the continuing, thorny legal issues in this area.

Jose I. Rojas is a partner at the Rojas Law Firm in Miami. He is a past chair of The Florida Bar’s computer law committee and is a member of the International Trademark Association’s Internet Committee.

How To Make Money Online Without A Website

You don’t need to have a website to make money on the Internet. Here is a proven strategy to make money online without a website:

Step 1: Affiliate Product

Find a product to promote where you make good commission on each sale. Generally, you will get the biggest commissions on digital products. Digital products are defined as something that is downloaded directly to a customer’s computer after purchasing, like electronic books or software.

Since there is no extra cost per unit, no inventory and no shipping, the commissions are much greater than on regular “physical” goods. The most common commission on digital products is 50%. The best place to find such products is

Sign up as a reseller (also called affiliate) for a product that looks the most appealing to you. After you sign up, you will get a unique affiliate link where you need to send people to purchase the product.

Your affiliate link will have a special code that will tell the product owner that it’s you who referred the customer. The affiliate link code will allow your commissions to be tracked correctly and assigned to you.

Step 2: Domain Name

Get a domain name to redirect to your affiliate link. A domain name is a.COM name (like You can get it for under $9 at will allow you to redirect your domain name to your affiliate link at no extra cost.

So when someone types in your.COM domain in their browser, it will go to your affiliate link. The visitor will see the website with the product you promote, and the commissions will be tracked correctly.

The reason why you need a domain name is that it’s memorable and it makes you look more trustworthy. Affiliate links tend to be too long and arouse suspicion. For example, most people would rather click on the link as opposed to

A domain name will make your affiliate link look like it’s your own website. So basically, you will have a product to promote and a website to send people to and get commissions – without really having your own website.

Step 3: Drive Traffic

In order to make sales, you need to get visitors to your domain name (which will forward them to the website of the product that you resell). You can pay for advertising and hope that your profit will be greater than advertising cost, or you can use free ways to generate traffic.

The most effective way to get free targeted visitors to your domain name is by writing and submitting articles. You can write short articles on the topic related to the product that you promote. At the end of the article, you include your author bio and your domain name link.

You will then submit your articles to various websites, and allow them to publish your articles as long as your link is included. Your articles will get published in many places on the Internet, and will be advertising your affiliate link at no cost to you whatsoever. People will read your articles, like what you have to say and click on your domain name link ready to buy.

Once you start getting regular sales from your articles, you can go back to step 1 and find another product to promote using this strategy. After a while, you will build up a nice source of Internet income – without even having a website.